Geography of Budapest
Budapest lies in a central area of the Carpathian-Basin, on the two banks of the Danube, between the Szentendre and Csepel Island. The eastern part of the city is a plain ( Pest ), while the western part is hilly (Buda). The height above sea level of Budapest is between 100 and 500 m.
The average width of the Danube is 300-500m, the depth 5- 8 metres, the flow speed 0,6-2,5 m/sec. There are usually two floods per year on the river (end of winter and early summer).
On the territory of Budapest 118 natural springs rise (most of them with warm water), which feed the word famous spas of the Capital. The most important are rising at the foot of the Gellert-hill (Rudas and Gellert bath), at the József-hegy (lukács and Császár bath) and in Óbuda. On the Margitsziget (Palatinus bath) and in the Városliget (Széchenyi bath) the water of the baths rise with the help of deep-drilling.
Budapest is rich in green areas. Compared to the 525 Km2 territories there are 83 Km2 green area, park and forest.
An extraordinary huge cave system extends under the Buda-hills, some of these are several kilometres long. The most important caves are:
- Pál-völgyi stalagnite cave
- Szemlo-hegy cave
- Mátyás-völgy cave
- József-hegy cave
- Budakeszi game preserve
- Martinovics hill
- Ördög-orom kifejto
- János hill - Erzsébet look-out
- Tower of St. Stephen Basilica
- Top of the Martinovics hill
- Margaret bridge and sourroundings
- The midlle of the Petofi Bridge
- Fishermens' Bastion
Arboretums, botanical gardens:
- Eötvös Lóránd Tudományos Egyetem botanical garden
- Kertészeti és Élelmiszeripari Egyetem Budai Arboretum
Other natural values:
- Margitsziget ( Margaret Island )
- Városliget ( City Garden )
- Municipal Zoological and Botanical Garden